The need for proper strategy and crop planning for future food security and organic farming practices to reduce problems like global warming due to green house effect were among the recommendations of the agricultural scientists who participated in the recently concluded national seminar on soil health and food security with special reference to the north east region of India in Imphal.
The recommendation paper which was made available today by the organizers said “To mitigate the food requirement of the ever increasing population proper strategy and crop planning is needed.”
The food production in Manipur needs to enhance by double from the present level by 2025 AD observed the participants during the technical session on food security. To achieve the target of increasing the present food production level to 30% the scientists recommended the need for imparting training to the farmers on the proper crop management practices.
They also recommended the need for rain water management technology to the farmers and adoption of seed village concept for good seeds which has a great role in increasing crop productivity to meet the requirement.
There was need for popularization of agroforestry model to the hill farmers for sustaining soil productivity of the slopy hills, they said emphasizing the need for inclusion of at least a legume crop in cropping system to improve the soil.
Exploring organic farming practices can reduce problems like global warming due to green house effect, the recommendation said while also putting down the need for imparting technical support to the organic growers.
Stating that by virtue of being a region of low users of synthetic agrochemicals, the scientists revealed that the north eastern region can take advantage of organic farming with export of potential crops which are now highly demanded among the developed countries.
“Biodegradable city wastes after proper screening of heavy metals should be converted to compost so as to support the organic farmers and which also help in keeping the city clean,” the recommendation said.
Regarding the farming system, the scientists recommended that integration of different enterprises like poultry, piggery, dairy and crop husbandry should be introduced among the poor and marginal farmers for maintaining soil health and productivity in the long farming system approach.
Acknowledging that agro-pastorial farming system can help in increasing socioeconomic status of the rural masses as dairy farming is one of the most profitable and feasible enterprises in the north eastern India, it recommend fodder production of guinea grass and broom grass round the year by growing in the terraces.
The technical session on the integrated nutrient management after thorough discussion on the imbalance and use of chemical fertilizers which led to stagnation of yield in the long run due to macro and micro nutrient deficiency and deterioration of physical properties of the soil, recommended strengthening of awareness programmes and training on conservation and recycling of organic wastes, vermicomposting to the farmers.
The seminar participated by nine eminent agricultural scientists across the country was organized by the state agriculture department in collaboration with College of Agriculture, CAU and ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region at the Central Agricultural University, Iroishemba CAU, from March 12 to 14 last.